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Comprehensive understanding of LCD capacitive touch screen

Views: 237     Author: Wendy     Publish Time: 2023-08-24      Origin: Site


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Comprehensive understanding of LCD capacitive touch screen

The technology of capacitive touch screens makes use of the body's natural induction to function. Four layers of composite glass make up the capacitive touch screen. The interlayer and the inner surface of the glass screen each have one layer of ITO on them. A thin protective layer made of silica soil and glass makes up the outermost layer. Due to the electric field generated by the user's body when they touch the metal layer, the user and the touch screen surface create a coupling capacitor.

The finger removes a little amount of high-frequency current from the contact point because the capacitor acts as a direct conductor to the current. Current emanates from electrodes located at each of the touch screen's four corners, and the current flowing through each electrode is inversely correlated with the distance between the fingers and the electrodes. To determine the position of the touchpoint, the controller determines the exact ratio of the four currents.

Overview Of The Principle Of Capacitive Touch Screens

Electrodes with mutual capacitance must be added in order to provide multi-touch on a capacitive screen. To put it simply, it entails segmenting the screen into blocks and setting each group of mutual capacitance modules to operate separately. As a result, the capacitive screen can detect each area's touch state individually and easily implement multi-touch after processing.

Mechanics of Capacitive Touch Screen

Capacity Touch Panel makes use of the body's natural current induction to function. A four-layer composite glass panel serves as the capacitive screen. ITO (indium sikgold oxide nano) is applied to the inner surface of the glass screen and the interlayer. A protective layer of silica glass with a thickness of 0.0015 mm makes up the top layer.

Because the working plane must have a high-frequency signal, your fingers and face create a coupling capacitance when using a capacitive touch screen. The fingers are therefore on a very small current from the screen's current in each of the four electrode corners, and theoretically, the current through the four electrodes with the finger to the corners of the current is proportional to the distance, and the controller determines this through precise calculation. With a response time of under 3ms, it can reach 99% accuracy.

The Benefits And Drawbacks Of A Capacitive Touch Screen

Capacitive touch screens can produce signals with just a touch, not pressure.

When compared to resistor technology, capacitive touch displays only need to be corrected once or never after manufacture.

Because the parts of a capacitive touch screen don't need to move at all, capacitive schemes last longer. 

Capacitor technology outperforms resistor technology in terms of optical loss and system power consumption. 

In a resistive touch screen, the top layer of the ITO film needs to be thin enough to be elastic so that it bends down and hits the bottom layer of the ITO film.

The item touching the screen has a significant role in determining whether to use a capacitor or resistor. The capacitive touch screen is preferable if the object is to be touched with a finger. A resistive touch screen will work if a stylus is needed, whether it is made of plastic or metal. While a stylus can be used with a capacitive touch screen, doing so requires a specific kind of stylus.

Surface capacitances can be employed for big touch screens and are very inexpensive, but they do not yet allow gesture recognition. Inductive capacitances, on the other hand, are mostly employed for small and medium-sized touch screens and can support gesture recognition.

Because capacitive technology is wear-resistant, long-lasting, and requires little upkeep from consumers, manufacturers may further cut their overall operating expenses.

Compared to resistive touch screens, capacitive touch screens are less responsive and more resistant to wear and tear. They are made to accommodate multi-touch technologies.




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