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Color guidelines for TFT-LCD and OLED monitors

Views: 302     Author: Wendy     Publish Time: 2023-07-12      Origin: Site


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Color guidelines for TFT-LCD and OLED monitors

Are color OLED displays prepared to compete with TFT-LCDs as a better display option, and where do modern TFT-LCDs still hold sway?We are all aware of how significantly a colored graphic display can improve the user experience your program will provide. So let's review the benefits that TFT and OLED technology each provide.

Principles, Performance, and Improvements of TFT-LCD

TFT-LCD maturity entails reasonable pricing, high standards of quality and dependability, and availability in a variety of sizes—typically 1 to 21 inches for embedded industrial applications.

Operating principle:

Twisted liquid crystal columns produce waveguides that channel light from the display backlight via polarizing filters in a manner akin to a monochrome STN. ITO electrodes are subjected to an electric field, which alters the crystal alignment and blocks light from passing, giving the appearance that certain areas are dark. The TFT-LCD, in contrast to STN, has red, green, and blue filters; a thin-film transistor inserted in each sub-pixel adjusts the light intensity to combine the desired colors. TFT-LCDs can display millions of colors, and their quick response times enable them to accommodate fluid animations or full-frame video.


However, there are some restrictions with conventional TFT-LCDs.At high viewing angles, color-inversion can be seen despite minimal contrast. With viewing angles of L70, R70, T70, and B60, a typical contrast ratio is around 400:1.


To address these issues, IPS (In-Plane Switching), also known as Super-TFT displays, were developed. Changes to the orientation of the crystal occur in an IPS display in the same plane as the glass sheets that make up the display. The display seems to be true back when the power is turned off because pixels are dark in the off state rather than the on state. Even at viewing angles that are wider than those supported by a typical TFT-LCD, contrast and color fidelity are enhanced and also more consistent. Additionally, unlike with a traditional TFT-LCD, which can happen when a transistor dies, there are no distracting bright-pixel faults.

The OLED Alternative

Sleek, Effective Design:

Because Organic LED (OLED) displays don't need a backlight, they may be manufactured lighter and thinner than standard or Super TFT displays. The fact that they don't have backlights also means that they use less power, which has been the secret to their success in the premium smartphone market and is also accelerating their adoption in mobile industrial and medical applications like wearable medical monitors, telehealth technology, cordless industrial panels, and mobile robotics.

The display can stay on for longer instead of having to be turned down as quickly as possible to conserve battery life because equipment manufacturers don't have to be as frugal with power. As a result, they can be put to use right away without having to wait for the display to wake up.

Bright and Beautiful:

OLED displays may be mounted to the surface of an enclosure, even if the surface is curved, thanks to their low profile and light weight. Compared to constructing an aperture and making arrangements for installing a TFT-LCD, this is simpler and more cost-effective. OLEDs have a larger temperature range, which therefore makes them a reliable option for usage in outdoor or industrial settings.

Displays made with passive-matrix OLED (PMOLED) technology can be either color or monochrome when RGB sub-pixels are used. The Active-Matrix (AMOLED) technology, on the other hand, introduces a thin-film transistor per pixel that allows each to be switched on for as long as needed. PMOLEDs, on the other hand, can experience limited frame rates at higher screen sizes. If a large, bright color display is required, an AMOLED panel may be the best option.




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